If you’re interested in further discussions of these topics, here are some books, textbooks, and papers that discuss the topics in further detail. A lot of these books are the books used in my classes, so they’re legitimate. Some require a knowledge of calculus, but I’ll point those out. And some of these books are just histories about the scientists, mathematicians, and engineers who made these discoveries and how they made those discoveries. I find these are helpful to keep everything in perspective.
(This page is in progress)